我国农业补贴制度框架与政策工具组合选择研究

By | 2019年6月30日

李昌奎

The Research on Agricultural Subsidy Framework and the Choices of Policy Tools’ Combination in China

Li Changkui  

摘要  进入21世纪后,我国农业补贴制度历经调整,逐步实现了补贴环节、补贴对象、政策目标的转变及政策工具多元化,但仍存在对新问题适应性差、法律层级低、政策效果差、权利义务不均衡等问题;为解决上述问题,农业补贴制度设计应以实现补贴政策调整机制化,保障市场在资源配置中决定性作用发挥,提高农业补贴的政策效果为计目标,并在此基础上构建六大机制;最后,我国应该在遵守WTO相关规则基础上,结合农业实践创新支持项目,特别要重视对各类农业补贴政策工具进行组合运用。

Abstract  After entering into the 21st century, China’s agricultural subsidy system has undergone adjustment and gradually realized the transformation of subsidy links, subsidy objects, and policy objectives and diversified policy tools. However, there are still problems such as poor adaptability to new problems, low legal level, poor policy effect and imbalance of rights and obligations. In order to solve the above problems, the agricultural subsidy system should be designed with the goal of realizing the adjustment mechanism of subsidy policy, ensuring the decisive role of market in resource allocation and improving the policy effect of agricultural subsidy, and on this basis, six mechanisms should be constructed. Finally, China should pay special attention to the combined application of various agricultural subsidy policy tools on the basis of abiding by WTO rules and combining with agricultural practice innovation support projects.

关键词  农业补贴;制度框架 政策目标;政策工具

Key words  Agricultural subsidy; Institutional frame; policy objectives; policy tools

社会科学理论与实践Theory and Practice of Social Science,第1卷第1期Volume1, No.1,P23-31,Published on June 30, 2019.

http://dx.doi.org/10.6914/TPSS.201906_1(1).0003

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