V3N301美国对中国产品实施关税措施WTO争端裁定解读及对中国的启示

By | 2021年8月23日

美国对中国产品实施关税措施WTO争端裁定解读及对中国的启示

张梅

摘  要  美国针对中国于2018-2019年输美的340亿美元商品和2000亿美元商品征收高额关税,不仅违反了最惠国待遇原则,也违反了美方给予中方的关税减让承诺。美国提出的抗辩理由无法证实所采取的措施与美国认为的公共道德之间的联系。WTO专家小组的裁定给予中国企业相应的启示:企业应重视WTO 诉讼中的举证环节,充分利用WTO贸易争端解决机制,同时要充分发挥“一带一路”市场作用,以扩大贸易的利得和双赢。

关键词  中美贸易;争端解决机制;裁定解读;启示

基金项目  2019年广东第二师范学院教学质量与教学改革工程项目“应用型人才培养示范专业”(项目编号:2019sfzy01)。

作者简介  张梅,女,1976年9月出生,广东普宁人,广东第二师范学院外国语言文化学院商务英语系主任,博士,副教授,主要研究方向为国际贸易,通讯地址:广东省广州市花都区迎宾大道西30号广东第二师范学院外国语言文化学院,电子信箱:meizh@gdei.edu.cnhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4897-4619

Article History  Received 10 August 2021  Accepted 10 August 2021  Published 31 August 2021

本文引用格式  张梅. WTO关于美国对中国商品征收关税贸易争端的裁定解读及对中国的启示[J].社会科学理论与实践,2021.3(3):1-7, http://doi.org/10.6914/TPSS.202108_3(3).0001.

Cite This Article  ZHANG Mei. Interpretation of WTO’s Panel Report on United States — Tariff Measures on Certain Goods from China and Its Enlightenment to China[J].Theory and Practice of Social Science, 2021.3(3):1-7, http://doi.org/10.6914/TPSS.202108_3(3).0001

Interpretation of WTO’s Panel Report on United States — Tariff Measures on Certain Goods from China and Its Enlightenment to China

ZHANG Mei

Guangdong University of Education, School of Foreign Languages and Cultures

Email:meizh@gdei.edu.cnhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7979-4162

Abstract The United States imposed a high tariff on importing goods from China which valued USD 34 billion and USD 200 billion respectively in 2018 and 2019. This measurement not only violated the most favored nation treatment principle, but also violated the tariff concession commitment which the US offered to China. With respect to the United States’ defence under Article XX(a) of the GATT 1994, the Panel adopted a holistic approach to determining whether the measures at issue were “necessary to protect public morals” and found that there were no relationship. The ruling has the following enlightenments: the enterprises should value the proof in WTO litigation and make use of the rules and procedures governing the settlement of disputes. Finally, the enterprises should pay more emphasis on the market of One Belt One Road to expand more trade benefits and enjoy the double win.

Keywords Sino-US Trade; Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes; Interpretation of WTO’s Panel Report; Enlightenment