V3N303中德数字贸易规模测度分析及中国对策

By | 2021年8月23日

中德数字贸易规模测度分析及中国对策

陈琳  陈姿霓

摘  要  数字贸易是以信息技术主导的第四次工业革命所产生的数字经济产物,中国和德国作为两大经济体,研究分析两国数字贸易发展规模既有利于促进两国数字贸易经济发展,又有利于推动中国数字贸易高质量发展。本文采用OECD-WTO框架下的数字贸易定义,利用中国与德国的跨境货物类电子商务数据和中国与德国可数字化服务贸易数据对中德“数字订购贸易—数字交付贸易”规模进行测度,分析德国与中国的数字贸易发展,借鉴德国数字贸易发展优势,基于全球数字贸易发展趋势提出中国应该发挥数字订购贸易优势,重视数字交付贸易发展,加强顶层设计以及参与规则制定,以提升中国在国际贸易的话语权,推动中国模式与全球标准更好接轨。

关键词  数字贸易;数字订购贸易;数字交付贸易;数字贸易规模测度

基金项目  1.教育部产学合作协同育人项目:贸易便利化背景下国际贸易单一窗口建设(项目编号201901022022),合作企业北京捷冠科技有限公司;2.广东省校企合作协同育人项目:广东省——港美通科技教学内容改革和课程建设(项目编号PROJ1133147181247762432),合作企业港美通科技(深圳)有限公司。

作者简介 陈琳,女,1975年出生,广东梅州人,广东外语外贸大学经济贸易学院教师,研究方向为国际贸易理论与实务;通讯地址:广州市番禺区小谷围广州大学城广东外语外贸大学(南校区)经济贸易学院,邮政编码:510006,电子信箱:jfluo@126.com,https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3112-6522。

陈姿霓(通讯作者),女,2000年出生,广东汕头人,广东外语外贸大学经济贸易学院国际经济与贸易专业;通讯地址:广州市番禺区小谷围广州大学城广东外语外贸大学(南校区)经济贸易学院,邮政编码:510006,电子信箱:781233764@qq.com,https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5756-4534。

Article History  Received 9 June 2021  Accepted 20 June 2021  Published 31 August 2021

本文引用格式  陈琳,陈姿霓.中德数字贸易规模测度分析及中国对策[J].社会科学理论与实践,2021.3(3):19-33, http://doi.org/10.6914/TPSS.202108_3(3).0003.

Cite This Article CHEN Lin, CHEN Zini. Analysis on the scale measurement of the Sino-German digital trade and China’s strategy [J].Theory and Practice of Social Science, 2021.3(3):19-33, http://doi.org/10.6914/TPSS.202108_3(3).0003.

Analysis on the scale measurement of the Sino-German digital trade and China’s strategy

CHEN Lin1  CHEN Zini2,*

Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, School of Economics and Trade

1Email:jfluo@126.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3112-6522

2Email:781233764@qq.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5756-4534

*CHEN Zini is the Corresponding author

Abstract As a new type of trade trend, digital trade has been triggering profound changes in global production chains, supply chains, and value chains. As two major economies, the analysis on the development scale of digital trade between China and Germany is not only conducive to promoting the cooperation of digital trade between the two countries but also conducive to promoting the high-quality development of China’s digital trade. Based on the OECD-WTO conceptual framework and indicator system, this article uses the e-commerce data of cross-border goods and the data of digital service trade to measure the scale of “digitally-ordered trade—digitally-delivered trade” between China and Germany. This article also analyzes the development of digital trade between Germany and China, draws on the advantages of Germany’s digital trade , and puts forward countermeasures for China’s digital trade development based on the development trend of global digital trade.

Key words digital trade; digitally-ordered trade; digitally-delivered trade; scale measurement